Index Bibliography

Jerusalem The Emanation of The Giant Albion

Currently Available:

Jerusalem The Emanation of The Giant Albion, copy E, c. 1821 (Yale Center for British Art): electronic edition

Dates are the probable dates of printing.

Blake's final and longest epic in illuminated printing constitutes a recapitulation and summation of his multiple interests, ranging from his own mythology to biblical history, from sexuality to epistemology, and from the Druids to Newton. The cast of characters is vast, but Los (the artist's imagination at work in the material world), Jerusalem and Albion (the female and male portions of divided humanity who must be reunited), the nature goddess Vala, and Jesus play major roles. The poem is divided into four chapters, each addressed to a different audience: the Public, the Jews, the Deists, and the Christians. Jerusalem concludes with a vision of human consciousness in a post-apocalyptic universe. Portions of The Four Zoas, Blake's long manuscript poem, are repeated (often with little revision) in Jerusalem.

The one-hundred plates of Jerusalem were etched in relief, with many designs in white-line etching, between c. 1804 (the date on the title page) and 1820. Sixty plates may have been completed by 1807; a few examples were exhibited in 1812. The printing of 1820 produced copies A, C, and D. In the next year, Blake printed copies B (chapter 1 only, plates 1-25) and E. Copy F was printed, but left uncollated by Blake, in 1827. Copies H-J are posthumous. There are two arrangements of the plates in chapter 2, early (copies A and C) and late (copies D and E). Copy F was collated by John Linnell, using copy C as a model. Most lifetime copies have hand tinting in gray or black, but only copies B and E are colored.

Related Works

Related works currently available in the William Blake Archive appear as links below. Works not currently available appear as plain text.

All Known Copies

This list includes untraced copies known only from sales catalogues.
  • Copy A, c. 1820
    British Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings
    London
  • Copy B, c. 1820
    Lord Cunliffe
  • Copy C, c. 1820
    Private Collection
  • Copy D, c. 1820
    Houghton Library
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Copy E, c. 1821
    Yale Center for British Art
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • Copy F, c. 1827
    Morgan Library and Museum
    New York City
  • Copy G, c. 1832?
    Untraced
  • Copy H, c. 1832
    Fitzwilliam Museum
    Cambridge, England
  • Copy I, c. 1832
    Rosenwald Collection, Library of Congress
    Washington D.C.
  • Copy J, c. 1832
    Beinecke Library
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

All Known Related Drawings
  • Blake's Notebook, page 54
    Pencil Sketch, c. 1790-93. Butlin 201.54.
    British Library
    London
  • "The Death Chamber," Possible Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 25
    Pencil sketch, c. 1800-07. Butlin 564.
    Fitzwilliam Museum
    Cambridge, England
  • "The Death Chamber," Possible Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 25
    Chalk drawing, c. 1800-07. Butlin 565.
    Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University
    Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Sketch for "Jerusalem" Plate 6: Los and His Spectre
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 561.
    Rosenwald Collection, National Gallery of Art
    Washington D.C.
  • Study for "Jerusalem," Plate 14: Enitharmon and Iris
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 562.
    British Museum
    London
  • Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 14: Los and Enitharmon
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 563.
    Victoria and Albert Museum
    London
  • Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 26: Hand Appearing to Jerusalem
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 566.
    British Museum
    London
  • Possible Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 35/39: "Time's Triple Bow"
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 567 recto.
    Rosenwald Collection, National Gallery of Art
    Washington D.C.
  • Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 37/41: "Albion and the Letter that Killeth"
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 568.
    Rosenwald Collection, Library of Congress
    Washington D.C.
  • Sketch for "Jerusalem," plate 51: Hand, Skofeld, Hyle and Vala
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07. Butlin 569 recto.
    Kunsthalle
    Hamburg, Germany
  • Beauty, Possibly for "Jerusalem," Plate 81
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07 (?). Butlin 570.
    Morgan Library and Museum
    New York City
  • Albion Compelling the Four Zoas to Their Proper Tasks, Possible Alternative Design for "Jerusalem," Plate 95
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07 (?). Butlin 571.
    Yale Center for British Art
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • The Journey of Life, Possible Sketch for "Jerusalem," Plate 97: "Awake! Awake Jerusalem!"
    Pencil sketch, c. 1804-07 (?). Butlin 572.
    British Museum
    London
  • The Journey of Life, Possibly for "Jerusalem," Plate 97
    Pencil, c. 1804-07 (?). Butlin 573.
    Untraced
  • Sketch for Plate 2 of The Grave, "Christ Descending into the Grave, with the Keys of Death and Hell"
    Pen and ink drawing of a bird's head, c. 1805-07 (?). Butlin 621 recto.
    British Museum
    London