Index Bibliography

Visions of the Daughters of Albion

Currently Available:

Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy a, 1793 (Library of Congress): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy A, 1793 (British Museum): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion , copy B, 1793 (British Museum): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy C, 1793 (Glasgow University Library): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy E, 1793 (Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy H, 1793 (Rosenbach Museum and Library): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy I, 1793 (Yale Center for British Art): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy J, 1793 (Library of Congress): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy F, c. 1794 (Morgan Library and Museum): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy G, 1795 (Houghton Library): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy O, c. 1818 (British Museum): electronic edition
Visions of the Daughters of Albion, copy P, c. 1818 (Fitzwilliam Museum): electronic edition

Dates are the probable dates of printing.

Oothoon, the central figure in the poem, plucks the "flower" of female sexuality but is soon raped by Bromion. Her lover, Theotormon, responds with silence or useless abstractions. This slender plot is but a thread on which Blake hangs Oothoon's questionings of conventional morality. She insists on her inner purity and, in a long concluding lament to the "Daughters of Albion," on the varieties of energetic self-expression that cannot be delimited by materialist philosophies or legalistic codes. The characters and their words represent Blake's critique of colonialism, slavery, sexual repression, and attitudes towards women in his day.

The eleven plates of Visions were etched in relief, with slight touches of white-line work, and first printed in 1793. This printing produced twelve copies: proof copy a (black ink, plates 1-2 and the designs only of plates 3, 7, 9-10), B and C (raw sienna ink), A, D, and E (yellow ochre ink), and H-M (green ink). There were only three later printings: 1794 (color-printed copies F and R), 1795 (large-paper copy G and possibly untraced copy Q), and 1818 (copies N-P).

Related Works

Related works currently available in the William Blake Archive appear as links below. Works not currently available appear as plain text.

All Known Copies

This list includes untraced copies known only from sales catalogues.
  • Copy A, 1793
    British Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings
    London
  • Copy B, 1793
    British Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings
    London
  • Copy D, 1793
    Houghton Library
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Copy E, 1793
    Huntington Library and Art Gallery
    San Marino, California
  • Copy H, 1793
    Rosenbach Museum and Library
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Copy I, 1793
    Yale Center for British Art
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • Copy J, 1793
    Rosenwald Collection, Library of Congress
    Washington D.C.
  • Copy K, 1793
    New York Public Library
    New York City
  • Copy L, 1793
    Princeton University Library
    Princeton, New Jersey
  • Copy M, 1793
    Houghton Library
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Copy R, 1794
    Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
    Munich, Germany
  • Copy S, possibly 1794 or later
    Untraced
  • Copy G, 1795
    Houghton Library
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Copy Q, 1795 (?)
    Untraced
  • Copy N, 1818
    Private Collection
  • Copy O, 1818
    British Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings
    London

All Known Related Drawings
  • Blake's Notebook, pages 28-30, 32, 50, 51, 72, 74, 78, 81, 92
    Pencil sketches, c. 1790-93. Butlin 201.28-30, 32, 50, 51, 72, 74, 78, 81, 92.
    British Library
    London
  • The Evil Demon
    Pencil sketch, c. 1793. Butlin 209.
    Osgood Collection, Houghton Library
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts